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All About Dry Scalp and Dandruff

February 26, 2021 0

Although dry scalp is known to be the reason for the emergence of dandruff, both conditions are distinct. The presence of dandruff causes flaking in the scalp. Flakes are visible in the hair or on clothing. It can be due to some scalp or fungal infection. By contrast, a dry scalp may occur if a sufficient amount of moisture is not produced by the scalp. Getting to know the difference between the two can help select the best remedy.

What causes dry scalp?

If there is insufficient oil present in the scalp, the skin in the region does not feel lubricated. It may result in irritation, itching, and flaking. Hair also starts to appear dry as oil present in the scalp region conditions the hair.

Those with dry skin tend to experience dry scalp issues. It means that most things which may result in dry skin are likely to cause dry scalp. It includes the following:

  • Skin conditions like eczema
  • Excessive washing
  • Dry air mainly during the winter months

What causes dandruff?

The scalp, similar to the skin present throughout the body, sheds off dead skin cells. As the process speeds up, dandruff appears. The flakes that you notice are dead skin cells. Your scalp sheds the faster dead skin. The worse becomes your dandruff situation. However, certain factors may affect your skin shedding rate.

Researchers are yet to understand the real cause of dandruff fully. Some potential causes may include:

  • Sensitivity towards certain substances like hair products
  • Scalp secreting excess oil
  • Scalp related fungal infections

All three factors might combine to worsen your dandruff problems. People suffering from fungal scalp infections might develop dandruff if they possess a very oily scalp or sensitive skin.

Many people tend to have a fungus termed ‘Malassezia’ that resides on their scalp region. However, it is harmless. But in people experiencing dandruff problems, the fungus may cause flakes and irritation. It could be because of the interaction of the fungus with other factors. A recent study has discovered the relationship between dandruff and the presence of specific scalp bacteria.

Know the symptoms

Those with dry scalps are likely to notice their scalp shedding flakes. These flakes are whiter and smaller when compared to actual dandruff flakes. The latter is much larger and can appear oily or yellow-tinged. This is because of fungal infection, for which effective medical treatment will be necessary. Less frequent shampooing can help improve dry scalp. You can use Ketomac shampoo for dry scalp India, made from natural ingredients and is entirely safe for your scalp and hair.

Both conditions might make the scalp irritated and itchy. In case of severe symptoms, people suffering from either condition are likely to result in frequent scalp scratching. There may develop small sores, or it turns red.

Differences between dry scalp and dandruff

It can be challenging for the majority to differentiate between dry scalp and dandruff. There are very high chances of people experiencing both dry scalp and dandruff problems. Flakes most likely are dandruff in the following situation:

  • Oily scalp
  • Greasy hair
  • Intense scalp itching although scalp is not dry

When to consult a doctor?

It is possible to avail of home remedies to treat both dry scalp and dandruff. But some scalp conditions are likely to appear like dandruff. For instance, scalp psoriasis may cause itching, flakes, and redness. The autoimmune disorder causes such problems. Seborrheic dermatitis is one such severe dandruff problem that causes painful, intense inflammation.

If you experience flaky scalp, it becomes crucial to visit the doctor for the following reasons:

  • If you have open wounds on your face or head.
  • If the availed home treatments fail to produce effective results.
  • If other symptoms exist like sores or redness

Some other conditions could probably cause some symptoms that might resemble dandruff. Scalp condition might get worse quickly due to a weakened immune system. Those suffering from chronic diseases and autoimmune disorders should consult their doctor before getting any dandruff treatment.

Treatment options

There are several home remedies with which it is possible to treat most dandruff cases. There are plenty of anti-dandruff shampoos available in the market. You need to invest in the best dandruff shampoo for colour-treated hair and apply it regularly. Being prepared with organic ingredients can help treat several underlying dandruff causes, including minor fungal-related infections. You need first to check the ingredients present in the dandruff shampoo and accordingly make a well-researched decision.

Dandruff shampoo might have a strong smell. You may prefer to alternate between traditional shampoo and dandruff shampoo or use different shampoo after treating it with dandruff shampoo.

If you dislike dandruff shampoo’s smell or prefer having natural remedies, then you can try out Ketomac products. It has antimicrobial properties and is entirely safe and not smelly. It does not cause any side effects, and the increasing number of users is sufficient proof of its growing popularity.

In the case of a home, treatment does not help cure your dandruff problems. Then it would help if you visited a doctor immediately. Know the cause for dandruff to occur. It can be a fungal or bacterial infection. Doctors will diagnose the issue and accordingly prescribe a solid treatment to clear dandruff.

How to prevent dandruff and dry scalp problems?

It is a common myth that dandruff is caused due to poor hygiene. Dandruff can become visible if shampooing is not done for a long time. Dandruff in some people is considered to be a chronic condition that may go away only to come back later. Others believe that making some lifestyle changes can improve the situation.

Dry scalp can be prevented in the following ways:

  • Consuming more water
  • Not allowing the skin to get dry by using a humidifier
  • Shampooing less frequently the hair
  • Using moisturizing shampoo
  • Using shampoos that are less irritating and made from organic ingredients like Ketomac

Dandruff facts to know

  • As the skin in the scalp region starts to exfoliate excessively, dandruff is produced.
  • White dusty flakes are materials present on the shoulders and in the hair considered superficial stratum corneum fragments.
  • Several scalp diseases might develop dandruff.
  • Dandruff may only worsen if you do not shampoo frequently, thereby allowing flakes on the hair.


For many doctors, dandruff is still considered to be a mystery. They are still to understand how a harmless fungus present on the person’s head is the reason for the emergence of dandruff on another human being. Although no dandruff treatment promises a guarantee, Ketomac shampoos are worth the try. It is simply not possible to predict who might develop dandruff and how difficult the situation may be. Dry scalp and dandruff can both be annoying. However, they are not harmful or life-taking. With some immediate home treatment and using the right dandruff shampoo, it is possible to keep them at bay.

If you do not see any improvements in your scalp or dandruff issue using a home treatment, this problem can be caused due to some other reasons. A flaky scalp can be diagnosed only by a doctor.

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