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Infants and toddlers have sensitive skin and require extra care in terms of what is being applied to them and to what they are being exposed. Babies skin should not come in contact with chemicals, dyes, and fragrances and their delicate skin demand utmost care and protection from external agencies. During parenthood, parents discover a lot about babies’ habits and the changes that they go through. Certain precautions are always preferred beforehand for the little ones such as washing clothes regularly with disinfectant, before holding them sanitizing hands well, washing the utensils after every use, cleaning the room at regular intervals, diaper rashes, avoiding continuous exposure to the sun, etc., the list goes on.

It is mandatory to keep their skin moisturized and well nourished by using sunscreens and baby lotions, also parents must be aware of things the kids are allergic to. Rashes and skin allergy are common in toddlers and this can be due to pollutants in surroundings, changes in weather and others can be allergies due to food. Eczema is one such allergy in kids with an identity of reddish spots on face and causing itching. Hives are pink or reddish patches on the skin that are itchy too and can vary in shape and can develop anywhere on the body. In severe cases, a wakeup call for an emergency occurs when a baby suffers through vomiting, nausea, itching, coughing, etc. One such common problem prominent in babies is Seborrheic dermatitis that causes itchy scalp, dandruff and redness in the skin. This condition occurs on the scalp, behind the ears, on the forehead, armpits and diaper areas. Generally, it goes away on its own but if the condition worsens then treatment needs to be taken.

Some of the symptoms of cradle crap (seborrheic dermatitis) include:

  • The yellow or brownish scale on the scalp.
  • Flakiness with time
  • Scaly scalp
  • Greasy scale
  • Thick oily scales

The extent may vary from kid to kid and may or may not be accompanied by itchiness on the skin.

Understanding the cause behind this disease is a complex criterion and researchers have found out that it is due to a combination of several things inside our body and exposure to surroundings. It may be due to genetic influence as certain things are carried on due to heredity. Other than this oil-producing glands and follicles in babies and yeast paves the way for seborrheic dermatitis. Changes to weather are another reason. Last but not least, the personal hygiene of a person is something that plays a vital role and cannot be neglected.

Although in infants it can be cleared within weeks yet, in some cases, the condition worsens and can’t be cured but the removal of scales can make it easy for the kids. With the advancement in the medical industry, it is feasible to treat this and the treatments opted are:

  • Bathing regularly and washing hair with a mild and gentle shampoo.
  • Using lotions and ointments on the skin which are sensitive for baby’s skin and are chemical free.
  • Cleaning the diaper area with soap and baby wipes to restrict further infection.
  • Brushing the hair with a mild hairbrush.
  • Gently massaging the scalp with mild baby oil peels off the scales from the scalp.
  • Natural home remedies involving the application of jojoba, olive and coconut oil can help reduce it.

Taking precautions beforehand could help to reduce it although it cannot be prevented. Refer dermatologist if symptoms are visible. Washing and wiping the diaper area and other sensitive areas regularly with water and using mild lotions for moisturizing the skin. Avoid soaps and shampoos having alcohol, chemicals, and artificial fragrance. If the scales are not removed with shampoo, one can opt for petroleum jelly.

Other than all these remedies and precautions, one trusted product that is reliable is Ketomac, best ketoconazole cream for a babyface. This is the best option to treat infections as it has antifungal and antibacterial properties. Parents are always possessive and concerned for their kids and seborrheic dermatitis makes infant skin scruffy and face is filled with marks and spots. Kids are prone to infections from playing areas, parks, and schools. Ketoconazole is safe and studies have shown that it is effective on infant’s skin.

Keeping the sensitivity in mind, harsh creams and lotions should be used carefully and opt for something hygienic and clean. Always use the cream timely as prescribed by dermatologist and extra doses should be avoided. Avoid its contact with eyes, ears, and mouth (not to swallow). Wash or sanitize hands well before applying it, and after application, do not cover the affected part with tight fitted cap or bandages. Leave it free.

To combat such infections, playful area of kids should be germ-free and cleaning at regular intervals. After bathing babies body should be pat dried with a towel and all the personal belonging of kids should not be shared such as clothes, socks, combs, water bottle, etc. Kids should wear footwear while playing outdoors and avoid being barefoot.

Ketoconazole cream for baby face has done wonders for the anxious parents to give respite to their kids suffering from itching and flaky scalps. It may take time to heal as the process is slow but improvements do occur, and it is a ray of hope for the sufferers.  Dermatologists suggest it for cradle crap, itchy and flaky scalps, yeast and fungal infections.

Babies are God’s messengers sent to earth to make one’s life filled with positivity and begin the journey of parenthood. These little ones need thorough care, any negligence in terms of food intake, hygiene and medications would produce threatening results. Constant contact with the pediatrician and follow up with doctors should be maintained along with regular health check-ups. In case of any strange signs, one should immediately see a doctor. For a healthy living, the surroundings should be neat and tidy to avoid infections. Taking care of a baby is the best and precious experience of one’s life and one should do it wholeheartedly.


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A common infection observed in toe and fingernails is nail fungus which has the probability to spread from one nail to others. Also known as onychomycosis, it occurs due to hygiene negligence and can affect health. It causes nails to crumble from the edges and leads to its discoloration. If the problem is mild, there is no need for any medication, but, in severe cases, it causes thickening of nails and about 10% of the adults undergo this condition. An excessive amount of fungus growth is hazardous for the body, and it should be taken care of with time. Dermatophytes are the microscopic fungal organisms that are responsible for nail fungus along with other agents.

Sometimes other nail abnormalities can be confused with nail fungus and the causes that lead to it are:

  • Going to the gym or walking barefoot in wet/damp and communal areas.
  • Using common public swimming pools.
  • Visiting nail salons and using unsterilized instruments on nails.
  • It is presumed that sweating in toes due to wearing tight-fitting footwear increases the risk of nail fungus. It also leads to foul-smelling feet.
  • If a family member has the same condition the risk of others going through the same also increases. It is not necessary that contact with the infected person may lead to it.
  • A condition of the athlete’s foot in the past increases the possibility of fungi.
  • The weakened immune system that lessens the blood circulation.

The visible signs of nail fungus are includes:

  • The odd shape of nails and it may appear bigger than the normal size.
  • White or yellowish color of nails.
  • Some people do experience pain and discomfort in the foot.
  • It is very difficult to see debris in foot nails and it leads to infection.
  • Crumbly or ragged nails are another symptom causing this infection.

It’s better to control this fungus at the initial stage as with time it gets more complicated so following are the measures that can be adapted to prevent the growth of fungal infection:

  • Use nail lacquers and nail paint removers very less. If one has to use it, ensure not to compromise with quality.
  • Wash your feet properly with soap, dry it using a towel and moisturize in the end.
  • Getting manicure and pedicure done with sanitized tools.
  • Avoid walking barefoot in communal areas such as gym and swimming pools.
  • Regular use footwear should also be hygienic and must be washed properly with disinfectant.
  • Wear socks that absorb sweat and shoes that breathe.
  • Wash hands after touching infected nails.
  • Trimming nails short and keeping it clean.
  • Treat athlete’s foot before it spreads to nails.

It is still believed that home remedies are powerful than costly medications to cure a disease, and in case of this infection, these home remedies prove to be a blessing for those who are suffering from it. Some of it may include:

Oregano Oil- When applied to affected areas, it helps to eradicate the infection, as it has carvacrol oil as a constituent in it. It has very strong antifungal properties. Sometimes oregano oil is combined with tea tree oil but it increases the risk factor as well.

Apple Cider Vinegar- This ingredient is found in every household and used in cooking as well. It proves to be an economical remedy to cure fungus. Soak your feet in water mixed with 1 cup of Apple Cider Vinegar you can also apply it to the affected area.

Ozonized Oils- Oils such as olive oil and sunflower oil prepared by mixing with gases in the ozone layer are more effective than other artificial medications. Apply it on the affected area daily and see the results.

Tea Tree Oil- Known for several benefits such as inflammation, acne, and dandruff it has helped to treat nail infection too. Due to its antifungal and antibacterial properties, it is applied twice daily on the toenail and the results are visible in a few days.

Diet– A healthy and nutritious diet plays a vital role in everybody’s life. Not just for nail infection but vitamins and minerals are necessary for the functioning of the body and one must never compromise with it.

Despite a number of home remedies to treat it, there are other useful treatments as well that have proven to do wonders to destroy the infection. One such reliable way out is ketoconazole cream to treat nail fungusThis antifungal medication restricts the growth of fungi and yeast on the skin. One can find it in the form of gel, and cream. Despite being a boon for the fungal treatment, it has other disadvantages as well. It causes a burning or irritating sensation on the skin and one may experience mild hair loss. This topical medication should only be preferred if the doctor has prescribed so. For people who are allergic to their constituents, switch to other alternatives. The overdosage of this cream is harmful as well so it should be used in the proportions as directed by the doctor. If there is any burning sensation, irritation or pain after its application, one must see the doctor immediately. Also, applying it at intervals or skipping is also not going to lessen the problem, it further increases the risk of infection. Another precaution while using it is to prevent it from entering into eyes, mouth, nose, and lips. One should not cover the area where it is applied with tight socks or footwear.

Not just nail fungus, ketoconazole cream can be used to treat ringworm, dry and flaky skin and athlete’s foot. This cream prevents the entry of debris or particles in the nails working as a protective shield and destroys the fungi to finish the infection. Hence, ketoconazole cream to treat nail fungus is one stop solution for the infection. It is easily available in the medical stores and one must use it with caution and care.