People assume that changes taking place in their toenails or fingernails are due to fungal infection. It is medically referred to as tinea unguium or onychomycosis. Fungal infection occurring in the nails may be due to poor hygiene or sound contagious. 10% of adults across the globe can be noticed to be suffering from nail fungal infection and looking for remedies. Older adults of 60+ years tend to suffer more from this fungal infection. When compared to fingernail fungus, toenail fungus is considered to be a common occurrence. Abnormal-looking nails in reality might arise due to several conditions including fungal infection. To get the best treatment, it will be necessary to know the reasons.
What conditions may be mistaken to be fungal nails?
You may suffer from other conditions rather than fungal nails. They are as follows:
- Senile nails: With age, your nails tend to become brittle, developing ridges. The nail layers start to separate at the nail’s end part. This can be prevented by using some solutions. But avoid soaking your nails in water as it may only aggravate your condition and become painful.
- Ridges & Lines: They occur commonly and are normal. Pregnant women may suffer from worse issues. Large groove appearing on the nail’s centre part can be the result of nail biting. Such changes may also be experienced following chemotherapy.
- Black or Red nails: This can be the result of blood clotting under the nail due to trauma or hematoma. The discoloured region is likely to grow with the nail. While trimming the nails, it can be trimmed off. If black spots are present under the nail not arising due to trauma, then it will be wise to consult a podiatrist or dermatologist. They will check the affected region thoroughly and diagnose if it is melanoma or not. They will also recommend undergoing a simple biopsy to rule out cancer (malignancy).
- Yellowish or whitish nails: This may be the result of onycholysis. It means nail separation from nail bed. What colour you get to view beneath the nail is air. Treatment for this issue is to trim your nail short. But avoid cleaning under it. To hide the unsightly colour, you can polish it and simply wait for about 2-3 months. Your nail may be prone to contracting fungal infections due to persistent onycholysis.
- Pitted nails: It could be related to skin problems or psoriasis, thus affecting the nail matrix. This is the area beneath the skin present behind the nail and from where the nail grows. Psoriasis affected nails may be of tan colour.
- Green nails: Pseudomonas bacteria may cause this issue. This bacterium grows beneath the nails which have separated partially from nail bed. It may result in some foul odour arising from the nails. To get remedy, you need to trim your nail short after every 4 weeks. Avoid cleaning it. To hide this ugly colour, you can polish it. Wait for about 2-3 months. Do not soak your nail in water or any liquid even after wearing gloves. After bathing, dry your nail thoroughly. In case, problem persists, you should consult your doctor to get prescription treatments. The doctor is likely to prescribe antifungal cream for nails like Ketomac.
- Chronic nail trauma: It may involve repeatedly starting as well as stopping, athletic endeavours or kicking. This is likely to result in damaging the nails, thus giving the appearance of fungal nails. Such repetitive trauma is experienced by those who wear tight fitting shoes or are in certain employment. Permanent changes also are experienced by those suffering from traumas, thus mimicking fungal nails.
- Skin appearing red and swollen around the nail: It is referred to as paronychia. This skin infection takes place at the nail (cuticle) bottom part. Acute (rapid onset) infections may be caused by bacteria. Warm soaks can be soothing. However, it will require the qualified doctor to drain it out. Chronic paronychia may take place if the cuticle gets irritated or inflamed with time. At times, yeast may develop on damaged skin, thereby infection the region. In such cases, therapy will be essential. The skin is to be kept dry and away from water. If it is a severe problem, then you need to consult a good physician. Antibiotics are generally not recommended except to control severe infections.
Causes of fungal nails along with other risk factors
Fungal infections may arise in the nail region in healthy, normal people. This is mostly due to fungus, which is contracted from wet, moist areas. Some common sources are communal showers like swimming pools or the gym. Even visiting nail salons which use improper instrument sanitization like foot tubs, fliers, clippers, etc. It may also spread from family members with fungal nails. Athletes also are susceptible to this problem. It can be due to wearing sweaty, tight fitting shoes related to repetitive toenail trauma. Athlete’s foot may also cause toenail fungal infection. Repetitive trauma is likely to weaken the nail, thus resulting in fungal infection.
People suffering from underlying disease and the elderly also may contract such issues. Anything which impairs the immune system is likely to get fungal infection. It includes health conditions like psoriasis, cancer, diabetes, AIDS or taking steroids.
Is the condition contagious?
According to health experts, fungal infection is not contagious, although it is obtained from someplace. Nail fungus is quite a common occurrence and may be transmitted among people, however, with continuous intimate contact.
Can nail fungus recurrence be avoided?
Tinea pedis is also referred to as foot fungus or athlete’s foot. It may cause fungal nails recurrence. Hence, this condition should be treated immediately. There are available OTC antifungal medicines. You can use creams like Ketomac that offers amazing solutions without resulting in any side effect.
Tips to avoid fungal nails
Health experts believe that fifty percent of abnormal appearing nails result from nail fungus. Identifying the difference between varying reasons for discoloured nails can be a tough task including for doctors. Often, Onychomycosis is not treatable. Some reasons for getting treatment include the following:
- For cosmetic purposes
- Discomfort or pain arising in the nails
- Previous leg infection
Some common recurrences and treatment failures
You should always try to prevent such issues from occurring. A few preventative measures are given below:
- Avoid soaking your hands using harsh cleaners or water.
- Alternate exercise shoes.
- Avoid using no tight shoes and wear only dry socks.
- Keep your feet dry and clean all the time.
- Shorten your toenails. Avoid digging into your nail corner while cutting toenails.
- Get treatment for athlete’s food as and when it occurs.
Home remedies to treat toenail fungus
You can come across a good amount of anecdotal information on the web on the different types of home remedies to treat toenail fungus. One commonly recommended remedy is vinegar. You can also try out different types of oils like coconut oil, tea tree oil, cedar leaf oil, essential oils, etc. to rub your nails. Hydrogen peroxide and household bleach is not recommended for treatment purpose. Such agents might result in unwanted skin irritation on application. Thickened nail affected by fungus might pose to be a problem to trim. You can use the best antifungal nail cream like Ketomac to treat the issue. You do not have to get a doctor’s prescription to buy one.