Dandruff is a chronic condition occurring when the scalp is either excessively dry or oily. It manifests as flakes of dead skin cells appearing on the collar, shoulders, and hair. This condition impacts more men than women and may affect the sides of the nose, eyebrows, and beard.
Dandruff is associated with the excess presence of fungus Malassezia on the scalp. This means that professional dandruff shampoo must be used to deal with such fungi.
Apart from this, many causes are attributed to exacerbate dandruff. Some of them are:
- Stress and diet:
High levels of stress and poor diet are identified as causes of dandruff.
- Habits of hair brushing:
Regular brushing of hair keeps hair healthy. It helps to enhance blood circulation. Unbrushed hair collects much oil which can lead to dandruff.
- Habits of hair washing:
Dandruff is caused mainly by the accumulation of dead cells. In case you don’t wash hair regularly, dead skin cells will collect which will form dandruff and cause itchiness of the scalp.
- Skin type
People with extremes of either dry or oily skin will face dandruff issues.
- Excess use of hair care products
If you overuse hair care products, the scalp will be damaged because of the impact of chemicals.
A mild case of dandruff can be dealt with by regular shampooing with a mild shampoo. But for serious cases the use of products with the following medication may be used:
- Salicylic acid
- Zinc Pyrithione
- Selenium Sulphide
- Coal tar shampoo
Of all these Ketoconazole has been found to be the most effective in dealing with dandruff. This compound is found in shampoo Ketomac. Ketomac shampoo kills dandruff-causing fungi on the scalp. It has become very popular because of its success rate.
Ketomac shampoo works by damaging the cell walls of fungi resulting in their death. It helps alleviate symptoms of dandruff-like flaking, scaling, and itching. It has anti-inflammatory qualities.