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You know it is not uncommon for your hair to change as you get elder. As a younger person, might be you had a full head of black, brown, red, or blonde hair. Now that you are quite older, you can notice thinning in certain areas of your scalp or head, or your hair can change from its original color to that of gray or white.


Dandruff is a scalp condition which is often regarded as a chronic problem and is marked by peeling of the skin on your scalp. Dandruff is not infectious or serious but it can be awkward and at times hard to treat. The best thing about dandruff is that it can be controlled easily. Mild cases of dandruff may need nothing more than shampooing on a daily basis with a gentle cleanser. More-obstinate cases of dandruff often react to medicated shampoos.

Common causes of dandruff

Dandruff can be caused due to several reasons, some of which are mentioned below:

  • Seborrheic dermatitis: This is one of the most frequent causes of dandruff which is marked by greasy, red skin covered with flaky yellow or white scales. Seborrheic dermatitis may have an effect on your scalp and other areas rich in oil glands, for instance, the sides of your nose, your eyebrows, and the backs of your ears, your groin area, your breastbone (sternum), and at times your armpits.
  • Malassezia: This is a yeast-like fungus which lives on the scalps of most adults. But, in few, it infuriates the scalp and can cause more skin cells to grow. The additional skin cells expire and fall off, making them look flaky and white in your hair or on your clothes.
  • Not shampooing frequently: If you do not wash your hair regularly, skin cells and oils from your scalp can build up, causing dandruff.
  • Sensitivity to hair care products: At times sensitivities to definite ingredients in hair care products or hair dyes can cause a scaly, itchy, red scalp.
  • Dry skin: Flakes from dry skin are usually smaller and less oily than those from other causes of dandruff. And, inflammation or redness is unlikely. You will most likely have dry skin on other parts of the body, such as your arms and legs, as well.
  • Inadequate hair brushing: Brushing or combing the hair on a regular basis reduces the risk of dandruff, as it aids in the normal shedding of skin.
  • Several skin conditions: People with eczema, psoriasis, and some other skin disorders tend to get dandruff more often than others. Tinea capitis which is a fungal infection can cause dandruff.


Dandruff symptoms are easy to find as they are white, oily-looking flakes of dead skin that dot your shoulders and hair, and a probably itchy, scaly scalp. The condition may get worse during the fall and winter, as the indoor heating can contribute to dry skin, and the condition can get better during the summer.

A kind of dandruff known as cradle cap can have an effect on babies. This disorder can cause a crusty, scaly scalp and is most widespread in newborns, however, it can take place anytime during childhood. Even though it can be upsetting for parents, cradle cap is not risky and typically clears up on its own.

Usually, dandruff does not necessitate a doctor’s intervention. However, in case over-the-counter dandruff shampoos are not helping, or in case your scalp becomes swollen or red, see your doctor or a doctor who specializes in skin conditions.

Common preventive measures for dandruff

  • Take care of your hair: Comb your hair regularly, apply oil and then shampoo it at least thrice in a week. This will help in preventing dandruff.
  • Get rid of stress: High levels of stress can cause certain health complications. Even though there is no direct connection with stress and dandruff still medical conditioners suggest that reducing stress can help in decreasing dandruff to a great extent.
  • Include foods high in zinc and vitamin B in your diet: Foods such as oysters, red meat and poultry are high in zinc, which assists regulate the amount of sebum your body makes. Moreover, eating vitamin B rich foods such as cereals, beans, and fish help the body break down fatty acids and carbohydrates which may result in dandruff symptoms if not metabolized appropriately.

Home remedies to treat dandruff

  • Coconut oil: This is often used as a natural remedy for dandruff. Warm coconut oil may assist enhance skin hydration and stop dryness, thus treating dandruff. Coconut oil can also be mixed with fenugreek seeds powder or lemon to cure dandruff.
  • Curd: This is another popular home remedy which can be used to treat dandruff. Curd should be applied on the scalp and hair and then leave it for an hour and then shampoo the hair.
  • Green tea: This contains antimicrobial and antioxidant properties that can help endorse scalp health while conditioning your hair.
  • Neem leaves: It helps to relieve itching, and also hinder the over-growth of dandruff-causing fungus.
  • Apple cider vinegar: This is one of the best home remedies for treating dandruff and hair fall. You can mix water with apple cider vinegar and leave it on your hair for a few minutes before washing it.
  • Orange Peels: They contain acidic elements that can assist decrease excess oil. This will deal with your dandruff issue ultimately.
  • Baking soda: Baking soda is ideal to combat against the overactive fungi that cause dandruff. It makes for great exfoliate that is gentle on your skin, and assists to get rid of dead skin. It also absorbs up any excess oil from your scalp, thus fighting against dandruff.

These are some of the common home remedies which you can use to prevent dandruff.

If you are looking for a good anti-dandruff shampoo, then you should try using Ketomac as this is one of the best natural anti-dandruff shampoo available in the market. This all natural dandruff shampoo contains Ketoconazole as its main ingredient. This ingredient helps in fighting dandruff as well as other scalp conditions.

In order to get the best result, use Ketomac shampoo on the wet hair, massage it into a lather and then leave the shampoo for 5 to 10 minutes and then wash your scalp and hair thoroughly. This shampoo can be used twice in a week and continue to use it for a month.


Itchy scalp is a common problem for most people. Certain itchy scalp conditions impact those with oily scalp while others affect dry scalps.

It is vital to identify the cause of your itchy scalp in order to go in for the best proven and effective treatment. To understand your problem, know your scalp type, recognize secondary symptoms and identify wrong points in your routine for scalp care. If you suffer from flaking and itching of the scalp caused by dandruff, it is time to switch to scalp shampoo for dandruff.


Dandruff is a chronic condition occurring when the scalp is either excessively dry or oily. It manifests as flakes of dead skin cells appearing on collar, shoulders, and hair. This condition impacts more men than women and may affect sides of nose, eyebrows, and beard.

Dandruff is associated with the excess presence of fungus Malassezia on the scalp. This means that professional dandruff shampoo must be used to deal with such fungi.


Dandruff is a skin problem which impacts the human scalp. Symptoms of the disease range from flaking to the sensation of itching.

Dandruff is not related to the hygiene of the head, but it can manifest as a self-esteem or social problem. A severe version of the problem causing inflammation of the skin is called as seborrhoeic dermatitis.