It is hard to avoid dryness and damage even if you take proper care of your hair. Three layers are there in each hair strands. Medulla is the inner layer, which is bounded by the middle layer, the cortex. The outer layer is known as the cuticle. The cuticle is the layer that safeguards your hair, and when it is spoiled, your hair becomes dried out and fragile. All of the chemical inputs, together with factors like heat, pollution, and the sun, are bound to have repercussions in the form of damaged hair.
Before we go ahead and know how to repair damaged hair, it is important that you know the causes of hair damage:
One you bleach your hair, you are compelling your cuticles open to get rid of the stain from your hair. The harm caused to your cuticle formulates it feeble and prone to breaking and split ends. As there is nothing to lock in the moisture in your hair anymore, it also becomes lifeless and dry. What is even bad is, if you give heat to your hair when bleaching it, it speeds up the process of bleaching and thus causes more harm to your hair.
- Chemical Treatments (Relaxers And Perms)
Perming is the modification of your hair structure to make it wavy. Relaxing makes tightly coiled hair straight. Both use chemicals to rupture the disulfide ties between the keratins that make up the hair shaft to either twist the hair or straighten it correspondingly. Both damage the cuticles significantly thus resulting in dry, brittle hair.
- Hair Colouring
While dying your hair may seem like a harmless thing to do, the chemicals present in the dyes you use can do a lot of damage to the hair. They make your hair shaft permeable to the point of exposing the cortex of the hair. This harm can last for up to two months, even with appropriate care for your hair. Lasting dyes do the majority of harm to your hair.
The less lasting the dye, the less harm to the cuticle. Provisional dyes that last through one to two shampoo cycles are huge molecules and only coat the cuticle, not disrupting it considerably.
- Over Brushing
Brushing your hair excessively will cause more abrasion than it can take. The brush will hitch at knots and result it split ends and breakage. Cheap brushes cause a lot of harm as they get trapped in your hair more easily.
- Heat Styling
Heat, usually, is bad for your hair as it opens up your cuticles and dries up any dampness. When concentrated heat is applied to your hair, it becomes brittle, damaged, and dry. Using a flat iron or a curling iron frequently will leave your hair thirsty and lifeless for moisture. If you do not make use of your hair dryer, it can also cause damage to your hair shaft.
Tips to repair damaged hair
- Your hair takes everyday beating from the elements. Too much exposure to rain, wind and sunlight can cause dryness that, if not checked, may result in crack. Thus give your hair an additional protection by conditioning it once a week with an exhaustive mask or oil treatment. This will assist nurture your strands from within for healthy-looking, stronger-feeling hair.
- Experts say that it is always better to avoid combing when the hair is wet. Repeated, vigorous combing can cause harm to the cuticle of the hair, which can cause breakage and split ends. To assist safeguard against this, comb hair in the shower after applying conditioner as this will help to coat your hair strands and act like a barricade, making it simpler to work through tangles and knots. Choose brushes with wide tooth combs or broadly-spaced plastic bristles as they give strands more space to move through, meaning it does not take so much force to untangle them and work softly through hair in sections.
- There is nothing like the sensation of newly rinsed hair but recurring rinsing can slip your strands of wetness resulting it to become brittle and dry. Rinse your hair less frequently by utilizing a mild anti-dandruff shampoo amid washes as this will assist soak oils and get rid of odour for hair that appears and feels recently washed.
- Dry skin looks dull and cracked, which is why you should never skip your moisturizer. Dry hair is the number one cause of hair breakage and damage as if your hair does not have the optimal level of moisture it will become fragile and brittle, just like your skin. If you are prone to dry hair, embrace a moisturizing regimen that comprises a conditioner, hydrating shampoo, mask and leave-in product. It is the best way to stop your strands from becoming dried.
- At times a DIY schedule just is not adequate for extremely damaged hair. That is when you may need to bring in the professionals. Professional, in-salon hair treatments comprise the highest possible concentration of active ingredients. They aim any kind of hair damage from strands that are weak or over-processed, to hair that requires a mega-infusion of moisture. Your stylist will normally apply a hair damage treatment and as these formulas are so concentrated, you will see and feel a transformation right away.
- Your hair can extend to a certain point before it breaks and snaps. The flexibility of a damaged hair strand is a lot less than a healthy one. If your hair breaks effortlessly, it is likely that it is damaged.
- Damaged hair lacks shine and lustre. The hair shafts prevent shining when the cuticles get damaged. With damaged hair, you will see that there is no shine even after a deep conditioning treatment. In such cases it is better to get a hot hair treatment as this helps in getting the hair shiny and beautiful.
- Follow a balanced diet and take a multivitamin suggested by your doctor. If you are dieting, you could have hair that is dry or experience hair loss. Talk with a physician for the right measures you need to take.
These are some of the tips that you can refer to when it comes to repairing damaged hair.