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Fungal infections are quite common and examples of common fungal infections are athlete’s foot, ring worms, and yeast infections. While you can take over-the-counter pills for treating the infection, you can also take resort to some age-old home remedies with or without the medication. You should never ignore fungal infection and if any of the remedies don’t work, it is time to see the doctor or try some antifungal skin cream available in India.


Nail fungus starts as a yellow or white spot beneath the tip of your toenail or fingernail. As the fungal contagion goes profound, nail fungus might result in your nail to thicken, discolor, and deteriorate at the periphery. It can have an impact on several nails. If your condition is mild and not troubling you, you may not need treatment. If your nail fungus is aching and has caused hard nails, medications and self-care steps might assist. But even if treatment is successful, nail fungus frequently comes back.

What causes nail fungus?

Nail fungus, whose formal name is onychomycosis is a lot like an athlete’s foot. But rather than affecting the skin in between your toes or on the bottom of your feet, it attacks your nails. As fungus blooms in warm, dark places, your toenails are more prone to have an impact than your fingernails. Compared to the fingers, the toes also have little blood flow, which makes it difficult to stop an infection. Compared to women, men are at higher risk of developing these fungal infections. Older people or those who have a weak immune system or ongoing health problems such as diabetes are also at higher risk.

Experts say that there are many causes of nail fungus infection such as:

  • Wearing shoes that make the feet hot and sweaty
  • Unable to keep the feet clean and dry
  • Walking in bare feet through locker rooms, gym showers, and swimming pools can also increase the odds of infection.
  • In case an individual already has athlete’s foot, then there is a chance that the fungus can spread to your nails.

Who is at risk for fungal infections?

There are several diverse reasons for nail fungus infections, and every cause has a cure. Even though most of the reasons for a fungal nail infection are avoidable, some risk factors increase the probability of developing it. You are more prone to build up nail fungus if you:

  • have a disease that causes poor circulation
  • have diabetes
  • are over age 65
  • swim in a public swimming pool
  • wear artificial nails
  • have a nail injury
  • have damp fingers or toes for an extended time
  • have a skin injury around the nail
  • wear shoes with closed-toe options
  • have a weakened immune system

Nail infections take place more frequently in men than in women, and the infections are found in adults more frequently than in children. If you have family members who frequently get these types of fungal infections, you are more likely to get them as well. Elderly adults are at the maximum risk for getting fungal diseases of the nails as they have inferior circulation and their nails develop more gradually and dense as they age.


A severe case of nail fungus can be aching and might cause lasting damage to your nails. And it may result in other severe infections that extend beyond your feet in case you have a suppressed immune system because of diabetes, medication or other conditions. If you have diabetes, you may have reduced nerve supply and blood circulation in your feet. You are also at greater risk of a bacterial skin infection. So, any comparatively minor injury to your feet including a nail fungal infection can cause a more serious complication.


Nails that are infected with fungus usually are:

  • brittle
  • thickened
  • crumbly
  • darker or yellowish
  • distorted
  • ragged
  • dull

There may be also:

  • yellow or white streaking – lateral onychomycosis
  • scaling under the nail – hyperkeratosis
  • contaminated nails might disconnect from the nail bed – onycholysis
  • yellow marks at the base of the nail – proximal onychomycosis

Nail fungal infections can lead to pain in the fingertips or toes, and they may even release a foul odor.

Another symptom related to nail fungus infections are fungus-free skin lesions known as dermatophytids. These may look like itchiness or rashes in an area of the body that is not contaminated with the fungus – much like an allergic reaction.

How is a fungal nail infection treated?

Over-the-counter products are not usually suggested to treat nail infections as they do not offer reliable results. Rather, your doctor may recommend an oral antifungal medication, such as:

  • itraconazole
  • terbinafine
  • fluconazole
  • griseofulvin

Other antifungal treatments may be prescribed as well, such as topical solutions or antifungal nail lacquer. Based on the kind of fungus causing the infection, as well as the degree of the infection, you may have to use these medications for several months. In harsh cases, your nail may need to be separated so that a strong new one can develop in its area. Physicians can also make use of lasers for nail fungus.

One of the most effective and strongest antifungal creams is Ketomac Cream which is known for curing fungal infections such as nail fungus. This antifungal medication prevents the fungus from growing on the skin. Apart from fungal infections, yeast infections of the skin can also be treated using this cream.


The below-mentioned habits can assist prevent nail fungus:

  • Wash your hands and feet thoroughly and regularly. Clean your hands after touching an infected nail. Dampen your nails after washing.
  • Always trim nails straight across, even the edges with a file and file down dense areas. After each use, sterilize your nail clippers.
  • Change your socks or use sweat-absorbing socks several times throughout the day.
  • Select shoes that are breathable.
  • Throw away old shoes or care for them with antifungal powders or disinfectants
  • Do not use the same towel if anyone in your family has nail fungus. This will spread the infection quickly.
  • Select a nail salon that uses clean manicure tools for every customer.
  • Wear footwear in locker rooms and pool areas.
  • Give up nail polish and artificial nails.
  • Keep your fingernails and toenails short and trimmed.

Fungal nail infection, thus, is a curable disease provided the right treatment is given and that too at the right time. You must keep a regular check on the toes, and in case, you find something different like yellow spots or hardened nails, you must consult with the doctor.


Skin is the largest organ in the human body. It protects the insides of the body from the outside and more crucially keeps the insides from becoming the outsides. It can also reveal several internal problems because it releases toxins in the form of sweat from the body. In this case, you might need antifungal cream for skin infection.

Unexplained rashes and skin lesions can be early indications of systemic, internal yeast infection. Yeast infections are caused by fungi. A fungus is a primitive organism. Examples are mildew, mold, and mushrooms. Fungi live in water, plants, soil, and air. Some live in the human body. Only 50% of fungi are harmful.

Fungi may reproduce in the form of tiny spores in the air. Such spores may be inhaled by humans. Therefore fungal infections often begin in the lungs or the skin. Fungal infections are common when your immune system is weakened. For fungal or yeast skin infections, antifungal cream for skin infection may be used.

Fungi are tough to kill. For nail and skin infections topical cream like Ketomac cream may be applied. Ketomac cream contains Ketoconazole, a broad spectrum anti-fungal agent. This compound works by interfering in the production of ergosterol, an important ingredient of cell walls of fungi. Thus holes appear in the fungal cell walls through which cell contents leak out, causing the death of the fungal cells.

Common Fungal Infections

Fungi can produce 2 kinds of infections: superficial and systemic. Superficial infections affect skin, nails, and hair. Systemic infections impact internal organs (liver, kidneys, brain, heart, blood, lungs).

Fortunately, superficial fungal infections are more common. Very few people would have escaped from any one of the following infections:

  • Athlete’s foot (TineaPedis)

It is a fungal infection of the feet with redness, scaling, and itching. It may be caused by various fungi such as Epidermophyton, Microsporum and Trichophyton.

  • Ringworm (TineaCorporis)

It can manifest as silver or red rash, anywhere on the body. It is typically circle shaped and is caused usually by the fungus called Trichophytonrubrum. You can use an antifungal cream for yeast infection face like Ketomac cream.

  • TineaCapitis

It is ringworm impacting the scalp.

  • Onychomycosis :

 It is a fungal infection of the fingernails and toenails, which can involve any part of the nails including the plate, bed or matrix. It can cause disfigurement, discomfort, and pain. This infection is caused by many fungi but the most common one is dermatophyte. Nail infections may be caused also by molds and yeast.

  • TineaVersicolor:

It is a common condition which results in small patches of skin to become discolored and scaly. They can be lighter or darker than the surrounding skin and may even be pink or red. This condition is caused by the fungus Malassezia which normally resides on the skin without causing any problem.

  • Cutaneous Candidiasis

It can affect any part of the body but more likely in warm, moist and creased portions like the groin and the armpit. Candida is the main reason for nappy rash in babies. It is also common with the obese and diabetics. This infection is enhanced by chemotherapy, steroid therapy, and antibiotics.

Candida can also cause: infection of nails, vaginal yeast infections, infection of corners of the mouth and oral thrush (a type of infection of the moist lining of the mouth)

As per studies, toenail infection, jock itch, dandruff, ringworm, and athlete’s foot are mostly caused by one of the fungi and infect 10 to 15 percent of the population of the world.

In sum, Ketomac cream in India is the best for treating common fungal infections.